Genetic cancer definition, gene mutation - Traducere în română - exemple în engleză | Reverso Context

Genetic cancer definition, Genetic cancer of the colon

Aggressive variants of prostate cancer - Are we ready to apply specific treatment right now?

Familial cancer vs hereditary

Cancer Treat Rev. In most cases, prostate cancer essentially depends on androgen receptor signaling axis, even in castration-resistant setting, and hence may be targeted by second generation hormonal therapy.

However, a subset of patients bears androgen-independent cancer biology with a short-term response to hormonal treatment, early and extensive visceral metastases, low PSA levels and poor outcomes.

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Identification and specific management of these rapidly fatal malignancies is of an unmet medical need since their classification and utilized therapeutic regimens vary significantly. Unfortunately, molecular pathways have not been sufficiently elucidated yet in order to provide an effective targeted treatment with a prolonged response.

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Lack of diagnostic and predictive biomarkers for these cancers makes successful counteractions against them even more sophisticated. In this comprehensive review, we aimed at summarizing the current body of literature reporting on causal molecular machinery as well as diagnostic and therapeutic concepts of aggressive prostate tumors and draw clinically relevant conclusions for the up-to-date sensible disease management.

Int J Mol Sci. Attention is accorded to their potential in anti-cancer therapies as single agents or adjuvant treatment.

Genetic cancer definition

Herby, we evaluated the in vitro effects of a panel of natural compounds with focus on caffeic acid phenethyl ester CAPE and Kaempferol for the treatment of human colon cancer. Modifications in gene expression were investigated through microarray and detection of existing mutations and finding of new ones was done with the help of Next Generation Sequencing NGS.

Moreover, there are pathogenic mutations that are no longer found upon treatment with CAPE and Kaempferol. Chirurgia Bucur. In Romania, surgery was at the forefront of therapeutic options.

Cancer and genetic mutations

Nevertheless, current data shows that in fact, a large number of patients are still referred to surgery in various stages of diagnosis and treatment. It was noted that recommendations may differ, in spite of the wide dissemination of the literature data.

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Works published so far, discussing the role of surgery in LACC genetic cancer definition shows a lack of consensus. On top of that, late enrolement to RT and low acces to specialized centers are the problem.

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Performing surgery not only allows the evaluation of the pathological response to chemo-radiotherapy, but also achieves a better local control. In conclusion, there is still a place for surgery within locally advanced cervical cancer treatment options.

Etapa de inițiere[ modificare modificare sursă ] Asupra celulelor acționează factori mutageni. Etapa de promovare[ modificare modificare sursă ] Celulele suferă modificări la nivelul materialului genetic. Etapa de progresie[ modificare modificare sursă ] Celulele încep diviziunea necontrolată, haotică.

More trials need to be carried out in order to confirm the findings and establish high levels of confidence for each piece of information provided.

Several lines of evidence support the observation that polyphenols have preventive and therapeutic effects genetic cancer definition prostate cancer.

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Moreover, prostate cancer is genetic cancer definition for chemoprevention due to its long latency. We propose here an equilibrated lifestyle with a diet rich in polyphenols as prophylactic attempts to slow down the progression of localized prostate cancer or prevent the occurrence of the disease.

Genetic cancer definition, Genetic cancer of the colon

In this review, we will first summarize the molecular mechanisms of polyphenols in prostate cancer with a focus on the antioxidant and pro-oxidant effects, androgen receptors ARkey molecules involved in AR signaling and their transactivation pathways, cell cycle, apoptosis, angiogenesis, metastasis, genetic aspects, and epigenetic mechanisms.

The relevance of the molecular mechanisms is discussed in light of current bioavailability data regarding the activity of polyphenols in prostate cancer.

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We also highlight strategies for improving the bioavailability of polyphenols. We hope that this review will lead to further research regarding the bioavailability and the role of polyphenols in prostate cancer prevention and treatment.

Annick Desjardins, unul dintre autorii principali ai studiului într-un comunicat. Vaccinul a fost infuzat în tumora cerebrală prin intermediul unui cateter implantat chirurgical, stimulând sistemul imun al organismului să țintească specific celulele canceroase. Acest receptor este răspândit la nivelul celulelor neoplazice ale genetic cancer definition solide și în componentele majore ale micromediului tumoral. Rezultatele provin dintr-un studiu de fază I al cărui obiectiv primar a fost determinarea profilului de toxicitate și a dozei de vaccin ce urmează a fi testată în faza II a studiului. Un număr de 61 de pacienți au fost implicați, iar evoluția lor a fost comparată cu date provenite din registrele pacienților tratați cu terapia standard, compusă din intervenție chirurgicală, chimioterapie, radioterapie și tratamente țintite.

Sunbed use legislation in Europe: assessment of current status. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. Young women are the most frequent users, therefore, there is an increasing concern about the regulation of sunbed use.

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The questionnaire was sent to Euromelanoma coordinators and to designated coordinators out of the Euromelanoma network. Roughly one-third of the countries does not have a restriction genetic cancer definition minors.

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In the vast majority of cases, the number of licensed or closed tanning centres is unknown. In order to limit the access of young people to sunbeds, a more strictly enforced regulation is needed, as well as regulation regarding advertisement, and location of tanning centres, in addition to health promotion campaigns that target the vulnerable population of young women seeking its use for improved cosmesis.

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Since the use of sunbeds is known to be a risk factor, which can be easily avoided, costs of malignant melanoma attributable to sunbed use are modelled in the present study. Calculations were based on a systematic literature research. For countries with no available information on cost-of-illness the gross domestic product, health expenditures and gross national income served as a basis for extrapolation of costs.

International comparison was enabled by adjusting costs by the national purchasing power parity.

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In total, in approximately new cases of melanoma have been induced by sunbed use in the 31 included countries, which corresponds to 5. It illustrates the contribution of exposure to artificial ultraviolet light in the economic burden of malignant melanoma.